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Norfolk Southern

Across the Albemarle Sound

tag_quote

What would eventually become the first Norfolk Southern Railroad was chartered on January 20th, 1870 in North Carolina as the Elizabeth City and Norfolk Railroad. It was intended to run between its namesake cities, a distance of 46 miles. Construction did not begin until 1880. The track was completed on May 12th, 1881, and the first train from Norfolk to Elizabeth City ran on May 26th, 1881. The line was extended 27 miles southward to Edenton, NC in December 1881. The first train to Edenton ran on December 13th of that year.

Robert C. Reisweber, 2005

ns_state The Norfolk Southern Railway that existed until a Southern Railway merger in 1974 was the final form of a 600 mile railroad that survived several reorganizations and carried different names throughout its interesting history. The mainline extended south and west from Norfolk, Virginia, across the state line toward Raleigh, North Carolina, then southwest to its western terminus in Charlotte. Included in the mainline was an impressive 5 mile trestle across Albermarle Sound in eastern North Carolina and numerous built and leased branches. On January 1, 1974, the Norfolk Southern was merged into the Southern Railway System, which retired the Norfolk road's small fleet of Baldwin road switchers and merged its EMD power into the Southern corporate roster.

HawkinsRails thanks railroad photographer Warren Calloway for use of his Norfolk Southern roster shots
map

1965 Norfolk Southern system map / collection

ns_route

NS Official Guide listing / collection

Baldwin Motive Power

Baldwin Locomotive Works produced the AS-416 model road switcher for 5 years, turning out only 21 examples of the design between 1950-55. One unit went to Columbus & Greenville as #606, with three more sold to Savannah & Atlanta as #108-110. The remaining 17 units were all purchased by Norfolk Southern between 1951-55, with the road taking delivery of the last AS-416s produced. Featuring a 1600 horsepower 608A prime mover, the AS-416 rode on six-wheel trucks with a center idler axle between two traction motors.

Norfolk Southern #1601

  • builder:Baldwin Locomotive Works
  • model:AS416
  • type:A1A-A1A road switcher
  • built:May 1951, Baldwin #75237
  • series:21 produced 1950-55
  • engine:Baldwin 608A (8 cyls, 1600 hp)
  • notes:
  • 1st of 5 in 1951 Baldwin order
    retired by mid 1960s
  • builder

    Norfolk Southern #1606

  • builder:Baldwin Locomotive Works
  • model:AS416
  • type:A1A-A1A road switcher
  • built:Sep 1952, Baldwin #75699
  • series:21 produced 1950-55
  • engine:Baldwin 608A (8 cyls, 1600 hp)
  • notes:
  • 1st of 5 in 1952 Baldwin order
    retired 1974 at Southern Rwy merger
  • builder

    Norfolk Southern #1607

  • builder:Baldwin Locomotive Works
  • model:AS416
  • type:A1A-A1A road switcher
  • built:Sep 1952, Baldwin #75721
  • series:21 produced 1950-55
  • engine:Baldwin 608A (8 cyls, 1600 hp)
  • notes:
  • 2nd of 5 in 1952 Baldwin order
    retired 1974 at Southern Rwy merger
  • builder

    Norfolk Southern #1608

  • builder:Baldwin Locomotive Works
  • model:AS416
  • type:A1A-A1A road switcher
  • built:Sep 1952, Baldwin #75722
  • series:21 produced 1950-55
  • engine:Baldwin 608A (8 cyls, 1600 hp)
  • notes:
  • 3rd of 5 in 1952 Baldwin order
    retired 1974 at Southern Rwy merger
  • builder

    Norfolk Southern #1609

  • builder:Baldwin Locomotive Works
  • model:AS416
  • type:A1A-A1A road switcher
  • built:Sep 1952, Baldwin #75723
  • series:21 produced 1950-55
  • engine:Baldwin 608A (8 cyls, 1600 hp)
  • notes:
  • 4th of 5 in 1952 Baldwin order
    retired 1974 at Southern Rwy merger
  • builder

    Norfolk Southern #1610

  • builder:Baldwin Locomotive Works
  • model:AS416
  • type:A1A-A1A road switcher
  • built:Oct 1952, Baldwin #75724
  • series:21 produced 1950-55
  • engine:Baldwin 608A (8 cyls, 1600 hp)
  • notes:
  • 5th of 5 in 1952 Baldwin order
    retired 1974 at Southern Rwy merger
  • builder

    Norfolk Southern #1611

  • builder:Baldwin Locomotive Works
  • model:AS416
  • type:A1A-A1A road switcher
  • built:Jan 1954, Baldwin #75938
  • series:21 produced 1950-55
  • engine:Baldwin 608A (8 cyls, 1600 hp)
  • notes:
  • 1st of 3 in 1954 Baldwin order
    retired 1974 at Southern Rwy merger
  • builder

    Norfolk Southern #1612

  • builder:Baldwin Locomotive Works
  • model:AS416
  • type:A1A-A1A road switcher
  • built:Jan 1954, Baldwin #75939
  • series:21 produced 1950-55
  • engine:Baldwin 608A (8 cyls, 1600 hp)
  • notes:
  • 2nd of 3 in 1954 Baldwin order
    retired 1974 at Southern Rwy merger
  • builder

    Norfolk Southern #1613

  • builder:Baldwin Locomotive Works
  • model:AS416
  • type:A1A-A1A road switcher
  • built:Jan 1954, Baldwin #75940
  • series:21 produced 1950-55
  • engine:Baldwin 608A (8 cyls, 1600 hp)
  • notes:
  • 3rd of 3 in 1954 Baldwin order
    retired 1974 at Southern Rwy merger
  • builder

    Norfolk Southern #1616

  • builder:Baldwin Locomotive Works
  • model:AS416
  • type:A1A-A1A road switcher
  • built:Dec 1955, Baldwin #76112
  • series:21 produced 1950-55
  • engine:Baldwin 608A (8 cyls, 1600 hp)
  • notes:
  • 3rd of 4 in 1955 final Baldwin order
    higher hoods and last with GE elec gear
    retired 1974 at Southern Rwy merger
    donated to North Carolina Trans Museum
  • builder
    See also our North Carolina Transportation Museum collection

    Norfolk Southern #1617

  • builder:Baldwin Locomotive Works
  • model:AS416
  • type:A1A-A1A road switcher
  • built:Dec 1955, Baldwin #76114
  • series:21 produced 1950-55
  • engine:Baldwin 608A (8 cyls, 1600 hp)
  • notes:
  • 3rd of 4 in 1955 final Baldwin order
    higher hoods and last with GE elec gear
    retired 1974 at Southern Rwy merger
  • builder

    Norfolk Southern #661

  • builder:Baldwin Locomotive Works
  • model:DS-4-4-660
  • type:B-B yard switcher
  • built:Jan 1947, Baldwin #73361
  • series:139 produced 1946-49
  • engine:Baldwin 606NA (660 hp)
  • notes:
  • 1 of 3 in 1947 Baldwin order
    retired by mid 1960s
  • builder

    Norfolk Southern #663

  • builder:Baldwin Locomotive Works
  • model:DS-4-4-660
  • type:B-B yard switcher
  • built:Jan 1947, Baldwin #73361
  • series:139 produced 1946-49
  • engine:Baldwin 606NA (660 hp)
  • notes:
  • 1 of 3 in 1947 Baldwin order
    retired by mid 1960s
  • builder

    Norfolk Southern #1001

  • builder:Baldwin Locomotive Works
  • model:DS-4-4-1000
  • type:B-B yard switcher
  • built:Jan 1947, Baldwin #72832
  • series:56 produced 1946-48
  • engine:Baldwin 608NA (1000 hp)
  • notes:
  • 1 of 2 in 1947 Baldwin order
    retired by mid 1960s
  • builder

    Norfolk Southern #1002

  • builder:Baldwin Locomotive Works
  • model:DS-4-4-1000
  • type:B-B yard switcher
  • built:Jan 1947, Baldwin #72833
  • series:56 produced 1946-48
  • engine:Baldwin 608NA (1000 hp)
  • notes:
  • 2 of 2 in 1947 Baldwin order
    retired by mid 1960s
  • builder

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    Links / Sources

    This page was updated on 2017-08-11